Legacies of War


The Legacies of War project is a part of the Imperial War Museum’s Centenary Partnership. They have created a website which includes news, images and podcasts related to the First World War. The website address is www.1914.org.

Legacies of War is based within the University of Leeds.  The 2008 Research Assessment Exercise showed the University of Leeds to be the UK’s eighth biggest research powerhouse. The University is one of the largest higher education institutions in the UK and a member of the Russell Group of research-intensive universities. The University’s vision is to secure a place among the world’s top 50 by 2015.

The links below cover the following areas: Museums, libraries and online exhibitions, Military History, Individual formations/forces, Memorials and remembrance, Images and Propaganda, Medical History, and Personal Experience


Museums, libraries and online exhibitions

University of Leeds in the Great War at  http://library.leeds.ac.uk/special-collections-explore/4676

Library at the Wellcome Collection – http://library.wellcome.ac.uk/doc_WTL039953.html

This guide contains details of the sources available at the Wellcome Collection for the study of the medical services during the First World War.

First World War Sources for History at the National Archives – http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/pathways/firstworldwar/index.htm

This online exhibition makes available an online selection of unique and richly varied source material on the First World War available at The National Archives.

BBC History, World War One – http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/wwone/

This site gathers together a number of images, primary sources and interactive resources alongside a number of scholarly essays on a wide range of topics related to the conflict.

Imperial War Museum 90th Anniversary Exhibition – http://archive.iwm.org.uk/upload/package/95/index.html

This site contains information about the Imperial War Museum’s 90th anniversary activities, as well as highlighting many of the items from the Museum’s First World War collections

World War I Document Archive – http://wwi.lib.byu.edu/

This site contains a significant number of official papers, memoirs, books and treaties related to the First World War, as well as an image archive and links to other relevant websites.

Canada and the First World War – http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/firstworldwar/index-e.html

This site illustrates the many experiences of Canadians during the First World War, drawing upon a wide range of sources taken from the Library and Archives of Canada.

Canada and the First World War – http://www.warmuseum.ca/cwm/exhibitions/guerre/home-e.aspx

This site features a comprehensive overview of Canada’s involvement in the conflict along with information on various themes of the war via the use of items from the Canadian War Museum’s collections.

Mapping Our Anzacs – http://mappingouranzacs.naa.gov.au/

This online resource allows users to find particular service personnel and add photos and details about them to an online scrapbook. An interactive map provides information on where those who became Anzac troops were born and enlisted.

The Western Front, 1918 – http://www.nam.ac.uk/exhibitions/online-exhibitions/western-front-1918

This online exhibition charts the final year of the First World War through original images and quotes from the sources of the National Army Museum.

1914-1918: The Great War & the Shaping of the 20th Century – http://www.pbs.org/greatwar/

This site, linked to the PBS TV series ‘The Great War, contains a comprehensive timeline of events pre-1914 through to the legacy of the war alongside a range of audio, visual and interactive resources. The site also features leading historians who provide contextual information on a variety of topics.

In Flanders Fields Museum – http://www.inflandersfields.be/#tijdslijn

This online resource details the effect the First World War on the Flanders region. It contains an interactive timeline and biographies of people who lived, fought and died in Flanders during the war.

Australians on the Western Front – http://www.ww1westernfront.gov.au/index.html

This site offers a battlefield guide of the Western Front. Detailed descriptions of Australian involvement in the battles of the war are blended with a combination of original images and modern day photographs on the same areas.

Christ’s at War – http://christsatwar.wordpress.com/

This blog goes behind the scenes of the recently held exhibition at the College featuring letters written by old boys of Christ’s College who served in the war, and places the correspondence within its historical context.

Military History

Making the Modern World – http://www.makingthemodernworld.org.uk/stories/the_age_of_the_mass/04.ST.01/

This site emphasizes the ‘totality’ of the First World through a series of interactive resources in subjects as diverse as the firing process of a Vickers .303 machine gun to the varied experiences of women during the conflict.

Western Front Association – http://www.westernfrontassociation.com/

This site collates all the activities and events associated with the WFA alongside a wide range of articles, links and research guides.

Museum of Hartlepool Photo stream – The bombardment of Hartlepool – http://www.flickr.com/photos/hartlepool_museum/sets/72157626406678761/

This collection of images show the devastation suffered by the town following the German bombardment of Hartlepool on 16 December, 1914.

The Long, Long Trail – http://www.1914-1918.net/

The Long, Long Trail is a rich resource that illustrates the massive scale and complexity of the First World War. The site contains tips on a wide range of research topics, from identifying the whereabouts of individual units to building a picture of the complex structure of a modern, industrialised army.

The Great War 1914-1918 – http://www.greatwar.co.uk/

This site provides a comprehensive guide to the battlefields of the Western Front via a series of interactive maps and timelines. The site also includes a number of resources for the commemoration of the war and a list of museums dedicated to the conflict.

First World War.com – http://www.firstworldwar.com/index.htm

The First World War website contains a wealth of information, original sources, photographs, maps, timelines, biographies and a number of interactive tools.

Gallipoli and the Anzacs – http://www.anzacsite.gov.au/

This site contains timelines, first-hand accounts, documents and images exploring wartime events on the Gallipoli front while extensive information about the peninsula brings the story up to date.

Essential Somme – http://www.essentialsomme.com/index.htm

This site, compiled by Osprey Publishing, contains a series of scholarly written articles on this infamous battle, ranging from the pre-battle preparations through to the experiences of individual soldiers.

CWGC Histories – http://www.cwgc.org/content.asp?menuid=24&id=24&menuname=Histories&menu=main

This CWGC website features links to information on some of the most important battles on the Western Front. Maps and photos illustrate concise details on the Battle of the Somme; The Ypres Salient; the German Offensives of 1918 and the Allied Advance to Victory.

Individual formations/forces

Canada’s Naval History – http://www.warmuseum.ca/cwm/exhibitions/navy/home-e.aspx

This site explores the role of Canada’s navy in the First World War. Themes including U-boats, the Merchant Navy and the home front are explained through the photos, artwork and objects of the Canadian War Museum.

Over the Front: Aircraft and airmen Photo stream – http://www.flickr.com/photos/australian-war-memorial/sets/72157614020490948/with/3289162892/

The images on this photo stream, compiled by The Australian War Memorial, include three colour photos taken by Frank Hurley, the official photographer for the Australian Imperial Force (AIF) during the war.

The Aerodrome – http://www.theaerodrome.com/index.php

This website compiles information on the aces and aircraft of the First World War. It gives details on top pilots and different types of aircraft along with a number of articles about various aspects of aerial warfare.

WAACs at war – http://www.nam.ac.uk/exhibitions/online-exhibitions/waacs-war

This site, compiled by The National Army Museum has details the recruitment, training and deployment of the Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps during the First World War.

Last Post – http://www.postalheritage.org.uk/page/lastpost

Via a series of photographs and archival sources, this site recognises the role played by the Post Office in the conflict, both through the delivery of mail and the handling of telecommunications in the theatre of war itself.

Memorials and remembrance

Forgotten Legacy: Soldiers of the Coalfields – http://forgottenlegacywwi.org/

This site accompanies the only memorial to African-American First World War veterans, at The Kimball War Memorial in West Virginia, United States. The virtual exhibit includes photos, artefacts and memorabilia relating to African-American veterans, particularly those from West Virginia’s southern coalfields.

The War Graves Photographic Project – http://twgpp.org/index.php

This website features numerous images of cemeteries from around the world. The project has undertaken to provide photos of the graves or memorial listings of every service casualty since the outbreak of the First World War for the descendents of war dead.

Images and Propaganda

L’Histoire par L’Image – http://www.histoire-image.org/site/rech/resultat.php?mots_cles=Guerre+de+14-18

This site contains a series of photographs, paintings and other visual items with a connection to the First World War, alongside a brief description of the item and its historical context. (In French)

World War I Colour Photos – http://www.worldwaronecolorphotos.com/index.html

This site contains a large collection of colour photos taken during the last two years of the First World War. The images provide a glimpse into a wide range of experiences on the Western Front.

British Cartoons Archive – http://www.cartoons.ac.uk/

This site contains a catalogue of 140,000 cartoons, including a large number of drawings dating from the First World War from a range of newspapers and periodicals.

Canadian Wartime Propaganda – http://www.warmuseum.ca/cwm/exhibitions/propaganda/first_e.shtml

This site compiles a number of original propaganda posters used by the Canadian government during the First World War to recruit servicemen, keep up morale and encourage hatred of the enemy.

1418 Documents and Photographs of the Great War – http://www.14-18.it/

This Italian language website contains links to photographs and posters produced during the war, along with links to relevant institutions with a specific interest in the Italian front.

Medical History

The British Red Cross in the First World War Photo stream – http://www.flickr.com/photos/britishredcross/sets/72157623534102272/

This site contains a number of images from the Red Cross’ archives, explaining how the First World War impacted upon its work. Further links offer additional information about the role and remit of the Red Cross during 1914-18.

RAMC in the Great War – http://www.ramc-ww1.com/index.html

This site is the result of research into RAMC personnel of the First World War. Profiles of many people who saved lives under fire include service records and photos, and build up a picture of the work of the medical services.

Arms and the Medical Man – http://armsandthemedicalman.wordpress.com/

This blog details the work of Dr. Jessica Meyer, research historian at the University of Leeds and leader of the ‘War and Medicine’ strand of the Legacies of War project, on a new project examining the experiences and identities of men serving in medical support and paramedic roles with the British armed forces during the First World War.

Personal Experience

The Great War Archive – http://www.oucs.ox.ac.uk/ww1lit/gwa

This Great War Archive contains over 6,500 items contributed by the general public. Every item originates from, or relates to, someone’s experience of the First World War, either abroad or at home.

World War One in pictures, letters and memories – http://www.europeana1914-1918.eu/en

The success of The Great War Archive has encouraged Europe’s digital archive, library and museum to roll out the scheme in Germany. The collaboration brings German stories online alongside their British counterparts in a 1914-1918 archive.

The First World War Poetry Digital Archive – http://www.oucs.ox.ac.uk/ww1lit/

The First World War Poetry Digital Archive is an online repository of over 7000 items of text, images, audio, with a focus upon the works of the major poets and literary figures of the war.

People of the Great War – http://archive.iwm.org.uk/server/show/nav.22987

This online resource contains a wealth of information from the Imperial War Museum’s collections about the ordinary people who lived through the First World War and beyond.

Step Short – http://www.stepshort.co.uk/

‘Step Short’ is a project that aims to bring to life the important role the town of Folkestone played in the First World War as a funnel through which more than ten million men poured during the conflict. This site contains all the information about the team’s activities.

The Serving Soldier – http://www.kingscollections.org/servingsoldier/index.php?id=495

This site collects together a number of letters, documents and photographs which reveal the experiences, interests, talents and achievements of servicemen in the First World War.

Crossing the White Line – http://www.webarchive.org.uk/wayback/archive/20140501220740/http://www.crossingthewhiteline.com/

This site charts the life of Britain’s first black army officer. Walter Tull – an orphan who overcame racist taunts to play for several football league teams before rising through the ranks to become an officer during the First World War is remembered via a series of photographs and articles.

The Glory Days: Football in Times of war – http://www.cwgc.org/glorydays/halloffame_ww1.html

The CWGC has put together a site featuring information about a number of professional footballers who joined up, as well as other details of how war affected the ‘beautiful game’.

In Memory – http://www.aucklandmuseum.com/?t=812

This site, created in 2008 by the Auckland Museum to commemorate the 90th anniversary of the end of the First World War, details the experiences of three New Zealanders through their letters, photos and personal possessions.

Wynne’s Diary – http://www.wynnesdiary.com/

Winifred Jackson was married to a British Army officer at the outbreak of war in 1914. Her diaries record her experiences throughout the conflict, and have been added to this well-illustrated website. They reveal how one woman coped with the daily prospect of receiving the telegram that every soldier’s wife feared.

Technology – Images and photographs a scrapbook, lab research and experimental farms, are available at https://www.dropbox.com/sh/veoc7lahnuau5bv/9Yjk3_eFck

A WW1 site created by a former student is available at: http://jackpeirs.org/about-the-project/

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